劣是优捎 浊躺是 噬颓陨是

1.   另 暹磲 沩酎  镩 疳襻贶豉 犴糸漶荏彘 暹磲 狃胼 (屙 禳盹 篝徜唢), 磲 怦彖暹 糗铉 赆桢爝狎
狃 狨糨, 赆棹 屦唧珧 镩  溟狍糗箦轵 (祜碥溴) 翮 篝徼羼茯 翮 翎鼾翮翎.
)                  ) +                   ) + 2     
秕    :瘃嵇翎 
                                                         她箸 
                                                                     
   
                                                               

2.   犴暨漶狍    + 2       暹磲 狃朕 (屙 禳盹 篝徜唢)   赆 瘃徙灬麸痫殄唪衢 箦 蹁狒殛
溟茈蹯. 歪 孱弭狍桢 戾翎怙朕 翮 翎鼾翮翎 篝轵 疳襻贶豉 疱耖痿彘:

) 另 溟痣狍檐箫蹯 翮 篚汴蓓赳 麸

) 另 溟痣狍檐箫蹯 翮 篚汴蓓赳 麸

) 另 戾 瘃矬柁赙 赆栳耧 礤耧 狁衢秕戾 麸 溟茈蹯 篝 溟痣荏轱 麸 觑.
                                                                她箸

                                                                                                                                         

3. 渝 250 mL 溟犭狒矧 HCl 瘃矬栎麸蹯 Zn 赆 瘃徙灬麸痫殄唪衢 犴暨漶狍: 
Zn + 2HCl ZnCl2 + H2. 体糗 翮 疳褫脲躞 80 s 狃 翮 蓓狁铉, 蓣秕 疳襻麒暹 112 mL H2
戾赳珈蓓 箦 STP. 歪 躔镫镢轶桢 燧箸 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 篝 瘃 80 sec.
                                                                她箸
                                                                                                                                            

4. 瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍 2 + 怦蓁珀犴 翎 疳襻贶豉 疱轳犰狒殛 溴滹燧磲:

sec

[A] mol/L

.) 歪 怦彖暹 燧箸 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 汩 翎 黢镯殛 
溟狍艮灬翎 0 - 10 sec 赆 10 - 20 sec.

.
) 歪 怦彖暹 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧.

                       琉茼翮箸:                                                                            

0
10
20
30

1,5
1,0
0,5
0,0

    5. 瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍 2 + C,   蓣秕 腌鲨暹 翎 疳襻贶豉 疱轳犰狒殛 溴滹燧磲

s

[羃
mol/L

[耛
mol/L

 ) 歪 怦彖暹 燧箸 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 汩 翎  黢镯殛 溟狍艮灬翎 0 - 10  赆  0 - 30 s

) 歪 疳襻篝徼稞 泷狯殛 镩 戾翎怙胼 豉 , 赆     
                         琉茼翮箸

0
10
30
60

0,80
0,30
0,14
0,04

0,50
0,25
0,17
0,12


 6.  酗轱 狃 翎 疳襻贶豉 溟徙褴祆狒 犴糸篝镩麇 篝珥 狃朕 犴暨漶狍
2 2 + C ;  

     
                                                       
琉茼翮箸
                                                                                                                                               

 7. 渝 觌彘篝 滹麇唢 彘筌泔眙衢 翎 彷耖 赆 戾 犴犭镢哚 mol 1:2. 燥 滹麇唢 桢耢徇礤翎 箦 扉
锺轶燧礴 桢耢镪襻筮 篝珥 镳镞 翎 赆 犴糸漶稞 痫箫糸贶 簖祧 戾 翮 麋扉贽 孱唧 
+ 2 2. 歪 疳襻篝徼稞 泷狯殛 镩 戾翎怙胼 豉 , 赆 , 犴 暹磲 沩酎  犴暨漶狍
呐 暹磲 扃溴黹贽 糗铉.
                                                         她箸
                                                                                                                                              

8. 瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍 2 ,   蓣秕 腌鲨暹 翎 疳襻贶豉 疱轳犰狒殛 溴滹燧磲

s

0

10

20

30

[A] mol/L

1,00

0,75

0,50

0,25

) 歪 氵礤 泷狯殛 疳褴篝狍  C - s  豉 , 赆 .
) 另 翎鼾翮翎 篝 30 s 狃 翮 蓓狁铉 暹磲 0,0125  mol/L
.s, 磲 躔镫镢轶桢 翎鼾翮翎 赆糗 翮
蓓狁铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧.
                                                    琉茼翮箸:

9. 渝 赆桢扉 狃 糸 疳襻贶豉 犴糸漶荏彘
a) A + B 2C  轶镬锺獒贻 痫簏翮翦 豉 赆 .
b) A + B 2C  2 mol 麸 赆 mol 麸 .
c) 2A 2B + C
d) 2A B
犴糸篝镩麇 蓓 狃 翎 溟徙褴祆狒 痫 彡镫秕栾:

凝 狃 翎 溟徙褴祆狒 痣屣碥骘蹴. 歪 氵礤 犴糸篝镞麋箸 戾翎铨 犴糸漶荏妁 赆 溟徙襻祆荇.
                                                  琉茼翮箸:
                                                                                                        

10.  渝 觌彘篝 滹麇唢 彘筌泔眙衢 0,4 mol 麸 徨襁秕 , 翎 镳镞 箦 扉 锺轶燧礴 桢耢镪襻筮
溟狍瘘眙衢 簖祧 戾 翮 麋扉贽
孱唧    2 + . 琉 翮 戾胼翮 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 怦蓁珀犴 翎 疳襻贶豉 疱轳犰狒殛
溴滹燧磲 汩 麸 ,  鲠唔镯翎
篝镯 疬磲赆 痫 彡镫秕桢 赆 篝 犴暨篝镩黠 溟茔襻祆:

t (s)

[羃 mol/L

0

10

20

30

40

0,400

0,200

0,100

0,050

0,025

) 歪 怦彖暹 燧箸 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 汩 翎 黢镯殛 溟狍艮灬翎 0-10 s, 10-20 s, 20-30 s,
30-40 s 赆 0-40 s.
) 歪 篚祓腌聩桢 麸 溟茔襻祆 戾 糸 泷狯殛蒡 疳襻篝荏彘 豉 赆
                                                    琉茼翮箸:
 

11.
渝 滹麇唢 觑 8L 彘筌泔眙衢 0,3 mol 麸 赆 0,2 mol 麸 , 翎 镳镞 篝秕 127 C
犴糸漶稞 簖祧 戾 翮 犴暨漶狍:
+ .  茧 翎 篚篝狒殛 麸 篚篝揿狒矧 暹磲 彷耖. 体糗   翮 疳褫脲躞 50 s 疬弩
篝 弩羼殛 麸 滹麇唢 氵礤翎 1,64 atm.
) 歪 躔镫镢轶栾 翎 mol 豉 徨襁 戾糗 翮 疳褫脲躞 豉 50 s
) 歪 躔镫镢轶桢 燧箸 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 篝 黢镯殛 溟荏翮灬 0 - 50 s.
                                                         她箸 
                                                                                                                                   

12. 渝 滹麇唢 觑 2,5 L 彘筌泔眙衢 0,6 mol 麸 徨襁秕 赆 0,9 mol 麸 徨襁秕 , 镳
瘃徙灬麸痫殄唪衢 犴暨漶狍 + 3 2.
体糗 翮 疳褫脲躞 50 s 狃 翮 蓓狁铉, 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 暹磲 1,6×10-3 mol/L s.
) 歪 躔镫镢轶栾 镩 翎鼾翮翦 赆翎碥膣箸 豉 赆 , 赆棹 赆 翎鼾翮翎 疳襻泫戕 麸 .
) 歪 怦彖暹 簖篝狍 麸 爝沆狒矧 戾糗 翮 疳褫脲躞 豉 50 s.
                                                         琉茼翮箸
                                                                                                                            
                                        

13.   瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍 + 3 (秕 : 瘃嵇翎) 葶轫犴 镩 疳襻贶豉 戾赳摅彘 戾 翎
犴暨篝镩麽 狃雉咫蒹灬翎.   

[羃 mol/L

[耛 mol/L

葬鼾翮翎: mol/L.s

1

0,1

0,1

 410-3

2

0,2

0,1

810-3

3

0,1

0,2

1,610-2

) 歪 泷狯暹 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧
) 歪 怦彖暹 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧
) 歪 怦彖暹 狁殍扃糸贽 糸燹 赆 镩 祜碥溴 翮 篝徼羼茯 翮 翎鼾翮翎. 
                                                       她箸 
                                                                             
                            

14.  瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍  崃 + 饴 1 + 2  葶轫犴 镩 疳襻贶豉 戾赳摅彘 戾 翎 犴暨篝镩麽
狃雉咫蒹灬翎  鲠唔镯翎 篝镯 疬磲赆
  

/

[羃 mol/L

[耛 mol/L

mol/L穝

1

0,2

0,2

1,210-3

2

0,1

0,2

610-4

3

0,2

0,6

1,0810-2

) 歪 泷狯暹 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧
) 歪 怦彖暹 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧
) 歪 怦彖暹 狁殍扃糸贽 糸燹 赆 镩 祜碥溴 翮 篝徼羼茯 翮 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧.
) 歪 怦彖暹 狁鏖贽 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 犴 狨艮 铄觊碥 戾 0,4 moles 麸 赆 1 mole 麸
箦 滹麇唢 觑 2 L, 犴 暹磲 沩酎  翎 犴糸漶翎 暹磲 彷耖.
                                                      琉茼翮箸

 

15  瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍 崃 + 饴 + 忝 1 + 2, 葶轫犴 镩 疳襻贶豉 戾赳摅彘 戾 翎 犴暨篝镩麽
狃雉咫蒹灬翎  鲠唔镯翎 篝镯 疬磲赆

     / 

[羃 mol/L

[B] mol/L

[胅 mol/L

mol/Ls

     1

    0,1

    0,1

    0,1 

  910-4

     2

    0,1

    0,2

    0,1

  36.10-4

     3

    0,3

    0,1

    0,1

  2710-4

    4

    0,1

    0,2

    0,2

  7210-4

 

) 歪 泷狯暹 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧

) 歪 怦彖暹 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧

) 歪 怦彖暹 狁殍扃糸贽 糸燹 赆 镩 祜碥溴 翮 篝徼羼茯 翮 犴暨漶狍珧.
                                                     琉茼翮箸  


16.
   瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍  2 +   秕 , 赆 彷耖, 葶轫犴 镩 疳襻贶豉 戾赳摅彘 戾 翎 犴暨篝镩麽 狃雉咫蒹灬翎, 
鲠唔镯翎 篝镯 疬磲赆.

/

atm

P atm

葬鼾翮翎:  mol/L穝

     1

   0,2

   0,2

  1,2510-3

     2

   0,4

   0,1

   2,510-3

    3

  0,4

   0,2

     510-3

 歪 泷狯暹 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎, 磲 瘃矬溟锺轶桢 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 赆 磲 怦彖暹 糸燹 翮 篝徼羼茯 麸 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎.
                                                           她箸 

 

17.   瞄 翮 犴暨漶狍 崃 + 饴 , 秕 , 赆 彷耖, 葶轫犴 镩 疳襻贶豉 戾赳摅彘 戾 翎 犴暨篝镩麽 狃雉咫蒹灬翎 
鲠唔镯翎 篝镯 疬磲赆.

/

atm

P atm

葬鼾翮翎: mole/Ls

   1

  0,3

   0,6

     910-4

   2

  0,1

   0,3

   1,510-4

   3

  0,15

   0,2

  1,510-4

) 歪 泷狯暹 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎 翮 麋扉贽 犴暨漶狍珧.

) 歪 怦彖暹 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧

) 歪 怦彖暹 狁殍扃糸贽 糸燹 赆 镩 溟狍糗箦轵 翮 篝徼羼茯 麸 睃祜 翮 翎鼾翮翎.       
 
                                                        琉茼翮箸                                             

                                                                                                 

18.   燥 彷耖 溟狍疖翎 篝 彷耖 赆 簖祧 戾 翮 犴暨漶狍     + . 另 狁殍扃糸贽 糸燹 翮 翎鼾翮翎 轶稞翎
戾 翮 狁殍扃糸贽 糸燹 翮 篝徼羼茯 翮 翎鼾翮翎, 戾 翮 瘃稃瘘桢箸  篚汴蓓赳 麸 溴 暹磲 1 mol/L, 磲 怦彖稞:
) 糗铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧, ) 镩 溟狍糗箦轵 翮 篝徼羼茯.
                                                        琉茼翮箸
                                                                                                                                            

19.   渝 滹麇唢 觑 2 L 犴犰殂睚镯翎 0,6 mol NO 赆 0,4 mol O2. 儒耢徇盹蹯 麸 滹麇唢 箦 桢耢镪襻筮 篝珥 镳镞 狁鏖贽
翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧   
  2NO + O
2 2NO2   
暹磲   = 3,610
-3 molL-1s-1. 歪 躔镫镢轶桢 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 翮 篝殂燹 赆糗 翮 镳镞 躔荞黠蹴 篝 滹麇唢 0,4 mol NO2,
犴 暹磲 沩酎  犴暨漶狍 暹磲 狃朕 (屙 禳盹 篝徜唢).
                                                            她箸
                                                                                                                                         

20.  渝 滹麇唢 觑 3 L 彘筌泔眙衢 0,9 mol 麸 徨襁秕 赆 0,9 mol 麸 徨襁秕 , 翎 镳镞 箦 锺轶燧礴 桢耢镪襻筮 犴糸漶稞
赆 溥盹蹴 翮 蓓 簖祧 戾 翮 犴暨漶狍   + 2,   镳镞  瘃徙灬麸痫殄唪衢 箦 蓓 篝茕轱 ( 犴暨漶狍 暹磲 狃朕).
歪 躔镫镢轶栾 翎 moles 豉 徨襁 痫 栳 躔荞黠蹴 篝 滹麇唢, 犴 翎鼾翮翎 翮 犴暨漶狍珧 躔雉弭襻痣狍獒箬暹. 
                                                            琉茼翮箸  

 

21. 渝 滹麇唢 觑 3L 彘筌泔眙衢 6,4 g 麸 徨襁秕 , 痫 蓣彘 篦弭殛 祜耖彡 燔驷 80. 燥 滹麇唢 桢耢徇礤翎 篝秕 327癈 镳
麸 溟狍疖翎 簖祧 戾 翮 狃朕 犴暨漶狍  2 2 + . 体糗 翮 疳褫脲躞 10 s 狃 翮 蓓狁铉 翮 犴暨漶狍珧, 疬弩
篝 弩羼殛 麸 滹麇唢 氵礤翎 1,64 atm 赆 戾糗 翮 疳褫脲躞 60 s 疬弩 氵礤翎 1,804 atm. 
) 歪 怦彖暹 朦泔 豉 翎黪艮豉, 赆糗 翮 黢镯殛 篝殂燹 痫 疬弩 摁犴 1,64 atm 赆 赆糗 翮 黢镯殛 篝殂燹, 痫 疬弩 摁犴
1,804 atm.
) 歪 疳襻篝徼稞 泷狯殛 镩 戾翎怙胼 豉 mol 豉 , 赆 箦 篚碥耵珞 戾 麸 黢.
                                                         
她箸